800 evacuated as Iceland volcano
by the CNN Wire Staff
April 14, 2010
(CNN) -- Icelandic
authorities evacuated about 800 people early Wednesday when a volcano
erupted beneath the Eyjafjallajokull glacier, an emergency spokesman said.
The first evacuations began at
2 a.m. (10 p.m. ET Tuesday), accordinig to Rognvaldur Olafsson, chief
inspector at Iceland's Department of Civil Protection and Emergency
Management. He said everyone in the area was safe.
"We have located the fissure
that is erupting under the glacier," Olafsson told CNN. He said
scientists are currently doing aerial reconaissance of the area and that
officials would know more when they return.
far, he said, the eruption has created a large hole in the glacier. Lava is
not a big concern, but flodding is.·
"The volcano is under the glacier and it's melting parts of the glacier."
Ofalsson said. "The rivers will rise and potentially make some damage."
Video of eruption:
CNN: producer note: Nick
of Gloucester, England, happened to be in Iceland for 10 days last week and
he made it out to the active volcano on the Eyjafjallajokull glacier. He
shot this HD video from 70 feet away on April 7. "We felt the warmth. We
drove up there in a large 4x4 with modified tires," he said.
CNN iReport producer
Rivers closest to the glacier have already started rising, he added.
glacier is the sixth-biggest in
Iceland, just tothe west of the bigger glacier Myrdalsjokul. It
is about 100 miles (160 km) east of the capital, Reykjavik.
A map from the Icelandic Meteorological Office showed seismic activity of
between 1 and 2 magnitude in the area around the glacier Wednesday morning.
Flights all over northern Europe were cancelled because of the danger of the
engines ingesting the ash.
Next Volcano to Erupt - Latest Odds
16 Apr 2010
Eyjafjallajokull volcano made headlines on Wednesday when it disrupted
flights all over Europe and Scandinavia, following its first major
eruption since 1821. Floods poured down the mountain side, water which
had been melted by the red hot explosive eruptions bursting through the
glacier which was no less than 200m thick. The water swept down the
mountain in torrents, washing away all in its path and invading homes in
the area. A huge mushroom cloud rose up to 20,000ft [6,100 metres] above
the volcano, dwarfing the surrounding landscape.
The wind at the time was blowing east, and so
carried the immense plume of ash away from Reyjkavik, Iceland’s capital.
Instead the ash fell across farmland, covering everything in a thick
layer and blotting out the sun, immersing the countryside into a
continuous night. A farmer living in the area described the smell of
sulphur that accompanied the blanket of ash. Over the next 24 hours, the
plume rose, doubling in size over and over and spreading as far as the
north coast of Scotland. It stretched to cover an area close to the size
of Western Europe.
Following this unexpected eruption, the world has
been reminded of all those dormant (or perhaps not so dormant) volcanoes
which litter the planet. There are hundreds, some miniscule and others
dangerous to such an extent that we call them super volcanoes and
speculate the end of life as we know it should they erupt, such as the
volcano beneath Yellowstone Park in the US.
To qualify as an “eruption”, the event must have a
VEI, or volcanic explosivity index, of 3 or greater. The odds
exclude Mayon Volcano. Leading with odds of 3/1 is Mount Unzen in Japan,
which was most recently active from 1990 to 1995. The Yellowstone super
volcano is in there with wide odds of 33/1, as well as legendary volcano
Mt. Vesuvius which famously erupted and destroyed the city of Pompeii in
AD 79 at 28/1.
Perfect timing. On June 12th, just as Russia's Sarychev Peak volcano was
erupting for the first time in 20 years, the International Space Station
flew directly overhead. Astronauts had
ready and snapped one of the most dramatic Earth-science photos ever taken
Researchers are studying this
to learn about the early stages of powerful
volcanic eruptions. A few phenomena stand
The volcano erupted with such force, the
plume actually punched through the
atmosphere. Note how clouds around the
volcano have parted in a circular ring--that
is a result of a shock wave produced by the
upward blast. (2) The plume is a mixture of
brown ash and white steam. A "dirty
thunderstorm" complete with lightning could
be in progress within the roiling cloud. (3)
The smooth white bubble on top of the plume
is probably a mass of water condensing from
air shoved upward by the rising ash column.
If so, it is akin to the iridescent pileus
clouds sometimes featured on
you're not amazed yet, try this: Put on a
pair of red-blue stereo glasses and behold
the eruption in 3D.
The anaglyph was created by graphic artist
of Belgium. No stereo glasses? A
is also available.
MT. REDOUBT ERUPTS:
After months of teasing seismic activity, Alaska's
finally erupted on March 23rd. The blast hurled clouds of ash into the
lower stratosphere at least 18 km high. The last time an Alaskan volcano
blew its top (Kasatochi in August 2008), stratospheric aerosols caused
the northern hemisphere--a phenomenon that could recur in the days and weeks
ahead. Mt. Redoubt isn't finished. "A large explosion may occur again at
anytime," says the Alaska Volcano Observatory. Stay tuned for
SAKURAJIMA VOLCANO - JAPAN
Japan volcano eruption filmed
Tue Mar 10 2009
Keywords: sakurajima volcano
One of Japan's most active volcanoes has
erupted, spewing out lava and debris as far as 2kms away.
The Sakurajima volcano, near the southern city
of Kagoshima, was expected to become active over the weekend.
The Meteorological Agency had raised its
warning level earlier this month after signs of increased seismic
It kept its warning level at three out of
five, which warns people not to approach the volcano.
With this prognosis, the Japanese Transport
Ministry set up a fixed-position camera and captured the moment the
volcano erupted, setting off a series of smaller explosions.
The volcano had been dormant until 1955, but
since then thousands of minor explosions a year have been recorded.
© Independent Television News Limited 2009.
All rights reserved.
(March 10) - A volcano in southern Japan
erupted Tuesday, sending cinders more than a mile from the crater,
The Straits Times reports.
in Southern Japan Erupts
posted: 11 HOURS 12 MINUTES AGO
Mount Sakurajima, which is located
southwest of Tokyo, belched out lava at least seven times after it
"It's possible that the volcano will step
up activity, and we have issued a warning to residents living
nearby," a weather official said.
The 1,117-metre Mount Sakurajima near
Kagoshima city belched lava seven times from 5.22am (4.22am,
Singapore time on Tuesday) and ejected cinders that were found
nearly two kilometres from the crater, an agency official said.
'It's possible that the volcano
will step up activity, and we have issued a warning to
residents living nearby,' he told AFP.
The volcano, about 950km southwest
of Tokyo, continued to spout fumes, although they were down
from an earlier high of 1,200m.
The volcano last erupted in
February, and the agency earlier this month boosted the alert
level by a notch. -- AFP
Chaiten volcano erupts again in southern Chile
SANTIAGO, Chile (AP) — Officials say scores of
people who had returned to a Chilean town destroyed by a volcanic eruption
are being evacuated again as the volcano roars back to life.
The presidential delegate for the region says
an explosion has rocked the dome of the Chaiten volcano and sent volcanic
material down the mountain's slope, threatening to block a river and cause
Paula Narvaez said Thursday that as many as
150 people will be removed from the town at the foot of the 960-meter
Some residents of the town have resisted
government efforts to move them to a new settlement following a
devastating eruption last year.
BREAKING NEWS: NEW ERUPTION FOR CHILE'S
Written by Patagonia Times
Thursday, 19 February, 2009
Southern Chile’s Chaitén volcano once again
made its powerful presence known Thursday, belching a massive column of
ash into the air and provoking localized seismic activity, according to
Chilean media reports.
Witnesses say the volcano began
erupting at roughly 11:30 a.m. Ash is currently falling on
the nearby city of Chaitén (Region X), whose approximately
200 remaining residents are being evacuated. Chile's Chaiten Volcano,
which erupted spectacularly last year, spewed a vast cloud of ash on
Thursday in what appeared to be a partial collapse of its cone.
Authorities are planning to fly over the volcano to better
determine the magnitude of the eruption. The Chilean Web
site emol.com is reporting that the volcano’s dome, which
has built up gradually since Chaitén first erupted last May,
Chaitén first came to Chile’s and the world’s attention on
May 1, 2008 when it erupted for the first time in recorded
history. The volcano spewed a massive billow of ash that
buried the town. At one point the plume of ash reached as
far east as Buenos Aires, Argentina (PT,
May 2, 2008 ) . What wasn’t
ruined by ash was later destroyed by devastating floods.
The Chilean government recently decided it will not rebuild
the town on its current location, saying the volcano’s
continued activity makes the area simply too dangerous for
settlement. Authorities are now leaning toward relocating
residents to Santa Barbara Sur.
By Patagonia Times Staff
Television footage showed a
could of ash billowing into the sky over the town of
Chaiten, which lies about six miles (10 km) from the
Authorities evacuated about
100 people from the area. Most of the town's 4,500
residents were evacuated last year after the volcano,
dormant for thousands of years, erupted. The government is
planning to relocate the town elsewhere.
"The volcano appears to have
resumed activity. ... There is a cloud of ash," Paula
Narvaez, special envoy to Chaiten by President Michelle
Bachelet, told local television.
"This is all very preliminary,
but we think this could be due to partial collapse of the
cone, which was one of the dangers."
A cloud of debris soared as
high as 20 miles (32 km) into the air when the volcano
erupted in May and was kept aloft by the pressure of
constant eruptions for weeks, covering towns in
neighboring Argentina with volcanic ash.
Mt. ASAMA - TOKYO
VOLCANOS ERUPT IN JAPAN AND RUSSIA - ASH AS FAR AWAY
Date: Monday, 2 February 2009, 1:17 a.m.
Volcanoes Erupt in Japan and Russia, Spreading Ash
Two volcanoes in Japan and another in eastern Russia erupted overnight,
spreading ash as far as the Philippines and Vietnam, the Japan Meteorological
Agency said on its Web site.
Seven minor eruptions occurred at Mount Sakurajima on Japan’s southern
island of Kyushu, throwing rocks up to 2 kilometers, the agency said. Eruptions
at Mount Asama in central Japan and Karymsky Volcano on the Russian peninsula of
Kamchatka were also reported. There were no reports of damage or injuries.
“I woke up after midnight to the
sound and shake of the eruption,” Daisuke Tanaka, 24, a convenience-store
attendant, who lives about 20 kilometers away from Asama, said by telephone
today. “The sound was as if an airplane was taking off nearby and it
continued for 30 minutes.”
The eruptions occurred in a region where four tectonic plates, the
Eurasian, Philippine, North American and Pacific, meet, causing seismic
Japan has 108 active volcanoes representing about 10 percent of the world’s
total. Forty-three people died in 1991 after Mount Unzen erupted on the
southern island of Kyushu, while 15,000 people were evacuated after Mount
Usu erupted on the northern island of Hokkaido in 2000.
Ash falls on Tokyo as volcanoes erupt
TOKYO: Two volcanoes erupted near major cities in Japan on Monday, with one
spewing white smoke and ash into the heart of Tokyo, the weather agency
Seven minor eruptions occurred at Mount
Sakurajima on Japan’s southern island of Kyushu,
throwing rocks up to 2 kilometers, the agency
said. Eruptions at Mount Asama in central Japan
and Karymsky Volcano on the Russian peninsula of
Kamchatka were also reported. There were no
reports of damage or injuries.
“I woke up after midnight to the sound and
shake of the eruption,” Daisuke Tanaka, 24, a
convenience-store attendant, who lives about 20
kilometers away from Asama, said by telephone
today. “The sound was as if an airplane was
taking off nearby and it continued for 30
The eruptions occurred in a region where four
tectonic plates, the Eurasian, Philippine, North
American and Pacific, meet, causing seismic
Japan has 108
active volcanoes representing about 10
percent of the world’s total. Forty-three people
died in 1991 after Mount Unzen erupted on the
southern island of Kyushu, while 15,000 people
were evacuated after Mount Usu erupted on the
northern island of Hokkaido in 2000.
The 2,568 meter Asama, which last had a minor
eruption in August last year, is one of the most
active volcanoes in Japan. A major
eruption in 1783 killed more than 1,000
The meteorological agency raised its alert
levels for both Asama and Sakurajima, prohibiting
people from entering the area around the volcano.
To contact the reporters on this story:
Takahiko Hyuga in Tokyo at
Stuart Biggs in Tokyo at
Last Updated: February 1, 2009 23:33 EST
Authorities of Kamchatka Territory and
Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky City must get ready for a big swell of eruption of
the Koryak Volcano located at the 30 km distance from the city and its
airport, which is the major air gateway of Kamchatka.
Alexei Ozerov, the leading scientist of the Volcanology and
Seismology Institute of Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of
Science has recently reported about this to RIA Novosti.
“As compared to the eruption of 1956, the only one in the history of
modern observations, the current eruption started in a more impetuous and
powerful way” – the scientist pointed out. According to him, this is
indicative of the possibility of a considerable intensification of the
“Ash emissions and trails already now are quite dangerous for
aviation, the hazard growing with the intensification of the eruption” –
The Koryak Volcano has been in the state of explosive eruption (i.e.
eruption with ash emissions) of average force since Thursday.
In modern history only one eruption, starting in 1956 was observed. Back
then a crack broke in the north-west slope of the volcano, with gases and
ashes ejected. The eruption was weak and lasted till March 1957.
Aleutian volcano spews ash 50,000 feet into the air
By RACHEL D'ORO
The Associated Press
Published: July 12th,
erupted Saturday with little warning on a remote Aleutian island,
sending residents of a nearby ranch fleeing from falling ash and
Caldera erupted at 11:43 a.m., just hours after seismologists at
the Alaska Volcano Center began detecting a series of small
flung an ash cloud at least 50,000 feet high, said geophysicist
Okmok is 60
miles west of the busy fishing port of Dutch Harbor on Unalaska
Island. Ash was reported falling in the region, McNutt said.
including three children, were at Fort Glenn, a private cattle
ranch six miles south of the volcano on Umnak Island, located in
the western Aleutians.
They were later
picked up by a vessel responding to a Coast Guard request for
residents had managed to call authorities on a satellite phone
before losing their connection, according to the Coast Guard. After
the nine were picked up, the Coast Guard canceled plans to send a
cutter to the island, about 860 miles southwest of Anchorage.
Coast Guard Petty Officer Lee Goldsmith
said those at Fort Glenn reported rock and ash falling around them.
As a result, the Coast Guard could not send aircraft, he said.
The Fort Glenn
residents initially had planned to use a small private helicopter
to fly one passenger at a time to nearby Unalaska Island, which is
separated from Fort Glenn by a five-mile channel.
flights from Unalaska were canceled because of the eruption, said
Jerry Lucas, a spokesman for PenAir, the primary airline serving
volcano last erupted in 1997, according to McNutt. The volcano has
shown signs of increased activity during the last few months, he
eruptions have typically produced lava flows, but officials at the
volcano center could not immediately determine if that had occurred
in Saturday's explosion, McNutt said.
reporter Kyle Hopkins contributed to this story.
Residents fret in shadow of Chile's Llaima volcano
By Simon Gardner
MELIPEUCO, Chile, July 13 (Reuters) - Living in the shadow of
Chile's sporadically erupting, snow-capped Llaima volcano, one of
South America's most active, local residents like Eduardo Mendoza
are paying a heavy price.
Evacuated from the ski station where he works after the
government imposed a red alert when Llaima began spewing lava
earlier this month, Mendoza and dozens like him have lost their
livelihoods and are having trouble feeding their families.
This is the second ski season in a row interrupted by the
volcano, which towers near Chile's lake region about 435 miles
(700 km) south of the capital Santiago.
"People can't go to work because of the danger," he said, a
cloud engulfing the majestic volcano behind him, black scars on
its white slopes betraying where lava has flowed and cooled.
"Our source of work has been stopped and we depend on it to
sustain our families. We can't go on like this," he added,
showing a video clip on his mobile phone of the volcano spewing a
jet of hot pyroclastic rock 1,300 feet (400 metres) into the air
before dawn on Thursday.
That flurry of activity in turn came a
week after lava spewed down one of its sides.
Aside from hot rock and gas, or lava flows, that have emanated
from the crater, another major worry is that snow on the
volcano's sides could melt and that a nearby river could overflow
and flood nearby communities.
The volcano erupted violently on New Year's Day, forcing the
temporary evacuation of some tourists and residents from the
surrounding Conguillio National Park. It belched ash and lava in
February. Much of the park is off limits again.
The government this month ordered a 9-mile (15 km) "red zone"
around the 10,253-foot (3,124 metre)-high volcano, and has now
evacuated around 60 people from nearby.
Experts say there is no knowing how the volcano, the second to
erupt in Chile in as many months, will continue to behave.
"The activity is going up and down very fast," said Hugo
Moreno, a geologist and volcano expert with state mining and
geology service Sernageomin, who is based in the town of
Melipeuco, on the fringe of the exclusion zone.
"It is oscillating, so it is very difficult to make a
medium-term forecast," he added. "It will most likely continue to
oscillate, until it stabilizes at some point."
Llaima's current eruptive cycle began
in May last year. Cycles have lasted anything from one minute to
three years or more, Moreno said.
In the sleepy town of Cherquenco, 11 miles (18 km) from the
base of the volcano, Agriculture Minister Marigen Hornkohl sought
to reassure worried farmers.
They complain are only allowed into the exclusion area to tend
to their animals two hours a day, and are worried they'll die, be
stolen, or be eaten by puma.
"We have to take this one minute at a time," Hornkohl told
residents and evacuees assembled in the rear of the local fire
station. "Now, when we want to be able to go home, the worst
thing we can do is to take the wrong decisions," she said.
LLaima's renewed activity comes after Chaiten volcano, 760
miles (1,220 km) south of Santiago in Chilean Patagonia, erupted
on May 2 for the first time in thousands of years, spewing ash,
gas and molten rock.
Ash from Chaiten, which initially soared 20 miles (30 km) into
the stratosphere, swelled rivers in the area and caused floods
that damaged dozens of wooden houses, sweeping some off their
Chile's chain of some 2,000 volcanoes is the world's
second-largest after Indonesia's. Around 50 to 60 are recorded to
have erupted, while 500 are deemed potentially active. (Editing
by Anthony Boadle) (email@example.com, Tel 569
9818 8538, Reuters messaging
A plume of ashes and
smoke rises from the Chaiten volcano some 1,200 km south from Santiago,
Chile on May 2, 2008. Up to now, 1,200 people were evacuated from the area.
The eruption caused a red alert in neighbouring regions of Chile and
Argentina. (AFP,Christian Brown)
This isn't snow!
Eruption Leaves Chilean Town Deserted
Posted: 2008-05-03 19:39:46
SANTIAGO, Chile (May 3, 2008) - The
Chaiten volcano spewed light ash on a nearly deserted village
Saturday, two days after its first eruption in thousands of
No more than 45 of Chaiten's 4,500
residents remained in what looked like a ghost town, its
streets, houses, cars and trees draped with a thick layer of
light-colored ash, Interior Minister Edmundo Perez said.
Those who decided to stay after Thursday's eruption could be
seen wearing face masks outdoors in Chaiten, 750 miles south
of the capital, Santiago. Street lights were illuminated
under darkened skies.
Just six miles away, the volcano belched fat smoke plumes
that at times rose as high as 12 miles into the air, the
government's Emergency Bureau said.
Winds carried the ash to other towns in the region and across
the Andes mountains to Argentina, where two airlines
suspended flights due to poor visibility.
The Chaiten volcano has "probably been dormant for about
9,000 or 10,000 years but that's not unusual," said Charles
Stern, a professor of volcanology at the University of
Colorado who specializes in Andes volcanoes.
most of Chaiten's residents to schools and
churches in the nearby cities of Puerto Montt
"It is very difficult
to predict when the people will be able to
return," Perez said. "This situation can last
for days, or weeks - or longer."
Some residents were pessimistic.
"This could be the end of our town," community
leader Leonardo Maureira told Radio Cooperativa
of Santiago. "We have worked an entire life
here and now all we could do was to put a few
things in a bag and depart, leaving everything
Others decided to stay.
"We have to protect our investment," said
Nelson Alderete, a small shopkeeper, as he
watched his wife and small daughter board a
boat to Puerto Montt. "But if things get really
ugly, I will leave."
Chaiten Mayor Jose Fritis said the town will
"This has been a historic catastrophe for us,
but we will rebuild from the ashes," he said.
Copyright 2008 The
Vog forces closure of Volcano National Park
Advertiser Staff Writer
HILO, Hawai'i — Hawai'i Volcanoes
National Park closed this morning after park officials
feared the combined emissions from Pu'u O'o and
Halema'uma'u crater would be significant hazards as the
wind shifts to the west at about noon today, said Big
Island Mayor Harry Kim.
That evacuation included the Volcano House hotel within
the park, with guests at the hotel moved to the Naniloa
Volcanoes Resort in Hilo, Kim said. He said staffing at the
park would be limited to required personnel only.
Civil defense officials at 9
p.m. last night announced voluntary evacuations for five
communities northeast of Halema'uma'u crater as sulfur
dioxide fumes in the area are expected to intensify today.
The voluntary evacuation
advisory covered the Mauna Loa Estates, Ohia Estates and
Volcano Golf Course subdivisions as well as the Volcano
Village and Keauhou Ranch areas.
As of this morning, no one had
showed up at the emergency shelters set up in Hilo. Kim
said people living in older and established communities
often prefer to stay with friends or family during
State health officials warned
that computer models of the weather patterns and volcanic
emissions suggest that air quality in the Volcano Village
area could reach the highest "purple" level today under the
color coded chart used to warn the public of the short-term
air quality risks.
When conditions for an area are
designated as purple, all people are advised to avoid
outdoor activity, and people with respiratory problem are
advised to leave the area.
Hilo and many Puna residents
awoke this morning to find their homes enveloped in a thick
layer of vog, with particularly high spikes in sulfur
dioxide recorded in the Fern Forest subdivision and at the
Volcano Village Fire Station.
Hilo and Lower Puna residents
blanketed with vog this morning saw some relief as winds
pushed some of the emissions away from those areas. As the
winds are projected to shift to the west, that is likely to
continue to clear the air on the Windward side of the
Lt. Col. Trey Johnson,
commander of the 93rd Civil Support Team of the Hawai'i
National Guard, said the hazard model being used to project
the potential threat suggests the worst effects will shift
west of the crater this afternoon as the wind shifts.
That breeze is expected to push
a relatively narrow plume of sulfur dioxide at levels more
than double the federal ambient air quality standards out
to about 30 miles west of Halema'uma'u crater.
Although that could have a
dramatic effect on the communities around the volcano, Kim
said, it is not expected to have a huge impact on the more
heavily populated North Kona communities, Kim said.
"Fortunately, there's nothing
between there and Kona as far as populated areas," said Big
Island Mayor Harry Kim. "We have a great distance factor of
The model suggests the sulfur
dioxide will dissipate somewhat before it reaches that
heavily populated Kailua, Kona area, Johnson said.
Inside Volcanoes Park,
officials evacuated campers from campgrounds, the Kilauea
Military Camp and the Volcano House hotel. The Volcano
House has 42 guest rooms.
There are 10 cabins, which have
beds and showers, that were also evacuated at Namakani Paio
campground, said park spokesman Michael Larson. The park
campgrounds are free and open to the public on a first
"The levels of sulfur dioxide
are higher then they've ever been here," Larson said.
"They're way above the red level, extremely unhealthy.
"The park will reopen when the
tradewinds come back," he said.
Visibility is poor on the Chain
of Craters Road, he said. All 180 park service employees,
except for emergency responders, also have been evacuated.
Reach Kevin Dayton at
This video frame released by the Colombian Institute of
Geology and Mining, INGEOMINAS, shows the Galeras volcano
erupting in Pasto, southern Colombia, Thursday, Jan. 17,
2008. The volcano spread ashes for kilometers prompting an
evacuation order for thousands, in the most serious
eruption of the Galeras since its reactivation in 1989.
8,000 Flee Colombian Volcano Eruption
He said Thursday's eruption
had produced some lava flows that did not extend
far from the volcano's crater.
(Jan. 18) - A volcano erupted violently in
southwestern Colombia Thursday, spewing ash
miles into the sky and prompting the
evacuation of several thousand people living
A 1993 eruption of the volcano, near the
border with Ecuador, killed nine people,
including five scientists who had descended into
the crater to sample gases.
In November 2005, the volcano spewed ash that
fell about 30 miles away.
Volcano Poised for 'Great Eruption'
Posted: 2008-01-10 22:31:54
QUITO, Ecuador (Jan. 9) - Ecuador's
Tungurahua volcano is poised for a major eruption, a
volcanologist said Wednesday. Authorities last week evacuated
10 villages from its western slopes as a precaution.
Patricia Mothes, a U.S. expert on volcanoes, said the
16,575-foot volcano, located 80 miles southeast of Quito, "is
preparing to generate, in days or weeks, a great eruption."
She said that could
mean pyroclastic flows - blasts of volcanic
material "that descend at high speeds and burn
everything in their way."
Tungurahua, which has been active since 1999,
has been freeing a high level of energy since
Dec. 22, Mothes told The Associated Press by
"We have indications that there may be
important volumes of magma which would be
liberated in an eruption," she said.
Juan Salazar, the mayor of Penipe, one of 10
villages evacuated last week from the western
slopes of Tungurahua, said 3,000 acres of crops
and pasture have been damaged by ash from the
There have been no lava flows since the volcano
began spitting out ash in December, he said.
Villagers return by day to tend to their crops
and farm animals but stay in temporary shelters
outside the danger zone at night.
Salazar said the government has decided to
provide new houses for 286 families that cannot
return to their homes at night. He said the
families would receive the keys to the houses
on Feb. 9 along with small plots for growing
Tungurahua erupted in July and August of 2006,
causing at least four deaths. The eruptions
forced the evacuation of thousands of villagers
and damaged thousands of acres of crops buried
under tons of ashes and lava flows.
ANAK KRAKATUA (Child of Krakatua)
Indonesia's Anak Krakatau --
"Child of Krakatau," volcano is shown erupting
Thursday, sending up clouds of hot gasses, rocks and
There have been no deaths associated with the
eruptions that began earlier this month, but
thousands of villagers have been evacuated from the
Krakatau sends up an ash cloud
Anak Krakatau rose from the sea decades ago. Here is
a late 1920s view of a mostly underwater volcanic
eruption that led to its birth.
Indonesian Volcano Blasts Back to
KRAKATAU, Indonesia (Nov. 11, 2007) -
Indonesia's Anak Krakatau volcano
lets out a massive roar as it blasts
a gigantic cloud of smoke and flaming
red rocks hundreds of meters into the
A few hours
later, a river of lava and stones
glowing like embers glide down the
slopes of Mount Anak Krakatau as the
muted light of the rising sun tries
to break through thick clouds settled
above the mountain.
The volcano, whose name means "Child
of Krakatau," formed in the Sunda
Strait close to Java island after
Mount Krakatau's legendary eruption
in 1883. It rumbled to life about two
weeks ago and since then has been
dazzling scientists and visitors with
its amazing pyrotechnics.
Scientists monitoring the volcano say
Anak Krakatau is not especially
dangerous and will continue to rumble
for some time, but warn people to
stay out of a 1.9 miles zone around
"We are a little worried sometimes
when we heard the big boom and we see
rocks that fall from, I don't know,
half kilometer from the hole," Chad
Bouchard, one of a group of eight
tourists who spent the night in a
boat in the ocean to watch the
"Sometimes we see the splash inside
the ocean. That's a little scary but
no, I think it might be stupid but I
Anak Krakatau, which
lies 26 miles from the
post in Serang on the
westernmost edge of
Java, gradually formed
after the volcanic
island of Krakatau blew
up in a massive
eruption in 1883,
triggering tsunamis and
killing more than
Ashes from that
eruption, one of the
natural disasters in
recorded history, were
carried by upper level
winds as far away as
New York City.
Krakatau, one of
dozens of volcanoes in
last erupted in 1988,
but its eruptions have
never approached the
ferocity of its parent.
Child of Krakatau is
one of the most
dangerous volcanoes in
the Pacific "Ring of
Fire," but authorities
have not yet raised the
alert level to the
highest which would
require the evacuation
of people around the
Krakatau said the
volcano was likely to
rumble and roar for
"It is still at the
third level of alert.
It is safe and there
aren't any problems.
Simatupang, head of
volcano observation in
Bandung, told Reuters.
"If the energy is the
same as this, it is
more likely it will
stay at this level for
quite some time as the
tremors are frequent.
Today only, there have
been one hundred."
Visitors who had their
morning coffee in a
boat in the shadow of
the volcano in the
Sunda Strait's choppy
waters about a
ride from the mainland
said they felt safe.
"It's spectacular, it's
just amazing to be
here," said Patricia
Anderton, a tourist
from New Haven in the
"I feel incredibly
lucky to be able to see
by Ade Mardiyati in
Jakarta, Writing by
note: there are
70 volcanos on this
series of islands.
Reuters Limited. All
Kelud volcanic lake is one of the most
active and most dangerous stratovolcano in Indonesia. Many lives were
claimed by Kelud eruptions in the past six centuries mostly due to
pyroclastic flows, surges and especially lahars, as in 1919 eruption (5160
victims). Before the last eruption (1990) a system of drainage was done to
maintain the volume of the lake at low level (2,000,000 m3) and
to control the lahars. Hydro-acoustic monitoring is the first system of
surveillance that has been performed at the crater lake and has revealed
intense gas bubbling a year before seismic precursor records of the 1990
Oct 19, 2007
MOUNT KELUD, Indonesia -
Armed police forced tens of thousands of reluctant residents to leave the
slopes of one of Indonesia's deadliest volcanos Friday, warning an eruption
was imminent. The United Nations mobilized hundreds of aid workers and
medical supplies to the area.
S4entists raised the alert at
Mount Kelud to the highest level earlier this week,
pointing to rising temperatures in the lake of its crater
and deep underground tremors. Authorities ordered 116,000
people living along the fertile slopes to evacuate, but
many have refused, saying they need to tend to their crops
"If we didn't force them — in
this case with a showing of firearms — the villagers would
not budge," said local police chief Col. Tjuk Basuki,
adding that residents have been repeatedly warned about
the dangers of the volcano. "We had no choice but to do
this for their safety."
Volcano erupts on Red Sea island A
search for survivors is under way after a volcano erupted on a Yemeni
island in the Red Sea, killing at least two people.
The western part of the
tiny al-Tair island, used as a military base,
collapsed following the eruption, the defence ministry
Two bodies were recovered
from the sea and other soldiers are missing.
requested the help of nearby Nato ships in the search
and rescue operation.
The Canadian navy frigate
HMCS Toronto was sailing towards the Suez Canal when
it received the request.
The Toronto's crew told
the Canadian Press news agency two bodies had been
pulled out of the sea, while one soldier had been
Other reports, quoting
soldiers and government officials, suggested the death
toll could be higher.
About 50 Yemeni soldiers
were evacuated from the island before the eruption,
witnesses and officials said.
Rescuers were scouring the
sea for about eight other soldiers who were feared to
'Aglow with lava'
On Sunday evening,
Canadian navy spokesman Ken Allen told reporters in an
e-mail that the entire island was "aglow with lava and
magma as it pours down into the sea".
"The lava is spewing
hundreds of feet into the air, with the volcanic ash
also 1,000 feet in the air."
Yemen's President Ali
Abdullah Saleh flew to nearby al-Hudayda port on
Sunday to observe the situation.
He ordered Yemen's navy to
send rescue teams to the area.
The island, some 140km (80
miles) off the Yemen coast, is about 3km long and has
been used as a military base since 1996.
Geologists say al-Tair,
which lies on a major fault line, last saw a volcanic
eruption in the late 19th Century.
Yemeni officials are
linking the eruption to several small earthquakes
which they say hit the island on Sunday morning.
This photo captures
strombolian activity and lava flows of Klyuchevskoy
volcano on May 31, 2007. (Credit: Photo by Yu Demyanchuk)
Kamchatka, Russia- Volcano Blows Its Top
Science Daily —
Klyuchevskoy (pronounced Kloo-shef-skoy), a stratovolcano
located in the north central region of the Kamchatka Peninsula,
is blasting ash up to 32,000 feet in the air, and has diverted
air traffic headed toward the Far East. This is the largest
eruption to occur in the North Pacific in a decade, and is
providing students at the University of Alaska Fairbanks a
unique opportunity to collaborate with scientists, as well as
state and federal agencies.
Tracking the Klyuchevskoy
eruption locally are a handful students and faculty from the Geophysical
Institute and the Alaska Volcano Observatory (GI/AVO) who process data
used to reroute air traffic around dangerous volcanic ash clouds.
Information is collected by satellite, Web cam, and Puff, a
three-dimensional volcanic ash computer model. Once these data are
synthesized, they are then shared at large to ensure the safety of
thousands of people living in, or flying through the North Pacific.
Klyuchevskoy's been erupting
since January, but the largest explosions in the
eruption began June 28, 2007. These explosions created
a 1,360-mile-long band of ash, stretching from the Sea
of Okhotsk to the Aleutian Islands, clogging well-used
air routes with volcanic ash that prove deas located
in Kamchatka, its ash crossed the Bering Sea and
reached Unimak Island in the Aleutians within one day.
Volcanic ash moves quickly through the atmosphere, so
it's important for scientists to have up-to-date
information at their f
Twice a day, the GI/AVO am goes through a rigorous process to examine the
current condition of the more than 150 active volcanoes in the North
Pacific. In addition, faculty is on call 24-hours a day to respond to
large events like the recent explosions from Klyuchevskoy to guarantee
information is shared and public safety is addressed.
Note: This story has
been adapted from a news release issued by University
of Alaska Fairbanks.
NASA MODIS Image of the Day:
July 7, 2007 - Dual Plume from Klyuchevskaya Volcano
Date Released: Saturday, July 7, 2007
Klyuchevskaya Volcano on Russia’s Kamchatka
Peninsula released a plume on July 1, 2007.
The MODIS flying on NASA’s Aqua satellite took
this picture the same day.
Although opaque white clouds float overhead in
this image, skies are clear enough to allow an easy view of the volcanic
plume. This westward-blowing plume appears to have a dual nature. The
larger, more visible plume is almost white, indicating high water vapor
content. Below and slightly northward of the pale plume is another, this
one dark brown in color. This plume’s dark color suggests that it consists
primarily of volcanic ash. The steam plume casts its shadow onto the ash
plume below. Klyuchevskaya (sometimes spelled Klyuchevskoy or
Kliuchevskoi) is the most active volcano on the Kamchatka Peninsula. With
an altitude of 4,835 meters (15,863 feet), it is also the peninsula’s
highest volcano. As part of the Pacific “Ring of Fire,” Kamchatka
experiences regular seismic activity as the Pacific Plate slides below
other tectonic plates in the Earth’s crust. Since its formation some 6,000
years ago, Klyuchevskaya has seen few periods of inactivity, and the
volcano is estimated to have experienced more than 100 flank eruptions in
the past 3,000 years.
Ashy emissions of the Klyuchevsky Volcano in
Kamchatka reach the height of 9 thousand metres; ashy clouds, a result of
the volcanic emissions, have spread over 100.000 square kilometres. It is
said that there is a danger to aircrafts due to the emissions and the low
The plumes of volcanic dust spread over 200 kilometres. The local
seismic stations daily register up to 100 earthquakes in the volcano area.
The resident population and guests of the region are advised to limit the
time of staying outdoors during ashfalls, as volcanic dust may cause
poisoning and other negative consequences.
Three others are still missing.
The Nevado del Huila volcano erupted at 9:45 p.m. Thursday.
Gas and hot ash caused snow on the mountain peak to melt, sending mud, rocks and floodwater rushing down the River Paez and destroying at least 20 homes and washing out five bridges, the presidential office said in a statement.
Much of the sparsely populated region is a reservation for Nasa indigenous communities. All six killed were native Indians, according to the government. The youngest victim was 1 year old.
The worst-hit area was around the town of Belacazar, in southwest Cauca province.
By mid-afternoon Sunday, weather conditions were improving, but rescue workers said heavy rain since Thursday's eruption hampered relief work.
"Conditions are very good right now, but have been very changeable at night and first thing in the morning. That's meant rivers have flooded and made work very difficult," Col. Mervin Varon, director of disaster prevention for Colombian Civil Defense, told CNN.
Varon was speaking from the southwest town of La Plata, where a military air bridge has been set up to fly emergency supplies to the disaster zone.
Almost 300 people have been evacuated from homes around the volcano and along the route of the River Paez, government officials said. Relief aid, including water, cooking implements and baby diapers, is being distributed to 2,500 people.
The disaster struck as thousands of Colombian Indians, many from the eruption zone, marched into the capital to protest for land rights and a halt to free-market economic policies they say are condemning them to poverty..
18/04/2007 - 7:52:52 PM
Nevado del Huila
La Plata, Nataga
and Paicol were
the hardest hit.
washed away by
damage but no
Paez river to
rise, but an
the office of
the site of
of rocks and
ice that fell
in to the
away by river
is located 270
from a nap that may have
lasted thousands of years, the
Nevado del Huila volcano in
Colombia erupted late
yesterday and early today,
provoking avalanches and
floodings that swept away
houses and bridges and
prompted the evacuation of
thousands, authorities said.
“The best news, up to now, is
that we have no reports of
injuries or deaths, Luz Amanda
Pulido, director of the
national disaster office, said
after flying over the towering
volcano located in south-west
“There’s ten thousand people
in the zone, of which we’ve
already evacuated 3,500.” The
first eruption occurred
10.37pm yesterday (3.37am
Irish time today), the second
at 2.57am (7.57 Irish time)
18/04/2007 - 7:52:52 PM
Thousands evacuated as
volcano erupts in Columbia
Waking from a nap that may
have lasted thousands of years, the Nevado del Huila volcano in Colombia
erupted late yesterday and early today, provoking avalanches and floodings
that swept away houses and bridges and prompted the evacuation of thousands,
“The best news, up to now,
is that we have no reports of injuries or deaths, Luz Amanda Pulido,
director of the national disaster office, said after flying over the
towering volcano located in south-west Colombia.
“There’s ten thousand
people in the zone, of which we’ve already evacuated 3,500.” The first
eruption occurred 10.37pm yesterday (3.37am Irish time today), the second at
2.57am (7.57 Irish time) today.
Experts did not rule out
“The seismic activity
remains light but
permanent, and we can’t
rule out another bigger
event in the next hours or
days,” said Mario
Ballesteros, director of
the government’s Institute
for Geology and Mining.
The rivers Paez and
Simbola, clogged with the
avalanche of rocks,
continue to be swollen
Volcano experts say the shattering
of one of the two craters of a
giant volcano on Reunion Island in
the Indian Ocean is the eruption
of the century.
The 800-metre-wide plateau inside
the crater dropped 300 metres
during the eruption, and islanders
remain on high alert.
Scientists have made their first
expedition to the site of the
eruption, which took place more
than a week ago, and say the scene
there is apocalyptic.
They say the main feeling,
standing near the new 300-metre
abyss, is fear.
The volcano was still erupting on
Monday, but the scientists say its
most dramatic outburst is now
Spectacular volcano eruption
on La Reunion
Raging lava has spewed
out of one of the world's
most active volcanos on the
French island of La Reunion.
The red hot lava cut
roads in half, damaged homes
and created huge clouds of
steam as it flowed into the
the islanders are used to
the spectacle. It is the
third eruption of the Piton
de la Fournaise or 'Mountain
of the Furnace' this year
About 50 teenagers
were taken to hospital from
three schools in Saint
Joseph with respiratory
problems caused by the
volcano's sulpher fumes,
according to Clicanoo.com,
the online newspaper of La
Researchers on the island
are concerned the recent
activity may be creating
more cracks lower down the
volcano, which will allow
the molten lava to spread
The volcano is
about 530,000 years old and
has erupted an estimated 170
times since the mid 17th
La Reunion is a small
island wedged between
Madagascar and Mauritius. It
is one of twenty-six regions
of France and President
Jacques Chirac is the head
The 777,000 island
inhabitants once prospered
from the cultivation of
sugar cane, but tourism and
financial aid from Paris now
underpin its economy.