Press Release

April  4, 2004

 

A WATCHLIST FOR YELLOWSTONE

by Jennifer Lawson

 Yellowstone’s Supervolcano could trigger another Ice Age            

Yellowstone National Park located in western Wyoming bordering

Idaho and SW Montana, is America’s largest and most famous National Park, and the world’s first national park.

 The Park spans 2.5 million acres of forests, bubbling hot springs , geysers and hot mud flats with spectacular scenery and abundant wild life and is visited by over 3 million tourists each year.

 But a sleeping giant lies hidden deep beneath Yellowstone ’s seemingly tranquil and glorious scenery: a supervolcano.  When the giant awakes it has the potential to devastate North America and plunge the entire world into a volcanic winter. 

 Supervolcanoes look and behave differently from normal volcanoes and are way more dangerous to the Earth’s environment.  A supervolcano presents the greatest threat to life on Earth, apart from a major comet or asteroid strike.  Ash and dust ejected from a supervolcanic eruption is thousands of times greater than a normal volcano, potentially blocking out sunlight for years to come and driving the global climate into an ice age, as indicated in the geological records.

For some time scientists have known about the connection between ‘normal’ explosive-type volcanic eruptions such as Indonesia’s Krakatoa and Tambora and global cooling due to volcanic ash clouds and dust particles being spewed into the upper atmosphere blotting out sunlight.

 Krakatoa’s violent blast in August 1883 blew the volcanic island apart, ejecting 5 cubic miles (20.8 cubic kilometers) of ash and dust 50 miles skyward blocking out 87 percent of the sunlight for well over a year.  The blast, considered to be the largest sound ever heard by man, devastated everything within a 100-mile radius and generated great tsunamis up to 120 feet high that wiped out all human habitation on the neighboring Indonesian islands and coastal lowlands.

 The Tambora eruption in April 1815 was even more powerful, ejecting 36 cubic miles (150 cubic kilometers) volcanic ash and dust high into the stratosphere.  This is considered to be the largest ejection of volcanic material ever recorded in history. Tambora’s eruption wiped out everything within a 200-mile radius, while the great ash cloud blocked out the sun plunging the region into darkness for three days. Similar to Krakatoa, great sea waves were generated by the explosion and great earthquakes that followed.  In the following year the Northern Hemisphere experienced an unusually cold summer due to reduction of sunlight, known as “the year without a summer”.

-The Great International Disaster Book- James Cornell

 More recently, the Mount St. Helens volcano in Washington state erupted on May 18, 1980 with a force equivalent to 500 Hiroshima atomic bombs.  By comparison, the amount of volcanic ash and dust ejected into the atmosphere measured a mere .04 cubic miles (2 cubic kilometers).

 Not very big on the scale of volcanic eruptions!

 Although these volcanic eruptions may have been devastating and destructive to the environment, they are hardly in the same league as a supervolcano.

 The problem with supervolcanoes is that scientists know very little about them, how they behave, or the telltale signs leading to an eruption.  The last supervolcanic eruption occurred about 74,000 years ago.

 When Tabo (now Lake Tabo ) exploded violently on the Indonesian island of Sumatra 74,000 years ago it is estimated that 730 cubic miles (3,000 cubic kilometers) of volcanic ash and dust was ejected into the atmosphere.  A significant drop in global temperatures followed in the wake of the Tabo eruption, possibly accounting for a lowering of sea temperatures 9-12°F (5-7°C) at that time.

 The dust and ash cloud from Tabo was nearly two thousand times greater than Mount St Helens, or equivalent to 912,500 Hiroshima bombs.  

 Luckily for life on Earth there are only a handful of supervolcanoes dotted around the work, compared with relatively high numbers of normal volcanoes dotted around the continents and in the oceans.

 Supervolcanoes have entirely different structures from the typical dome or cone-shaped mountainous peaks associated with normal volcanoes. Supervolcanoes are more like an ‘inverted’ volcanoes formed of large depressions in the ground under which a vast magma chamber builds up enormous pressure by trapping volcanic gases over thousands of years.  Similar to the lid on a pressure cooker, the dome finally cracks under enormous pressures and the volcano explodes and collapses forming an enormous crater. These subsided craters are called calderas.

 The magma chamber beneath Yellowstone National Park is gigantic measuring 50 kilometers in length, 30 kilometers in width and 10 kilometers in depth and spans the entire caldera itself.   The size of Yellowstone ’s caldera covers almost half of the park and is the largest in the world.

  Yellowstone is the largest supervolcano in the world!

 The magma chamber of Greece’s catastrophic Santorini (Thira) volcanic explosion which occurred around 3,500 years ago inundating shorelines with great tsunamis and wiping out the Minoan civilization, was very small in size compared to that of Yellowstone.

 There are also five major faults terminating in the molten caldera and seismic events as far away as Alaska can rattle volatile Yellowstone .

 According to scientists Yellowstone has a 600,000 year regularly spaced cycle of catastrophic eruptions. The first was 2 million years ago, the second 1.2 million years and the third 640,000 years ago.  Since that time there have been roughly 30 eruptions - the last lava flow being 70,000 years ago - but all of them have been minor.

 If Yellowstone ’s major eruption cycles of 600,000 years are consistent and any yard stick to go by, then a major eruption is 40,000 years overdue! And a supervolcanic eruption at Yellowstone could come very close to - if not equal - the magnitude of Tabo.

 Were Yellowstone to erupt in a major explosion it is estimated that every living thing within a 600 mile radius of the supervolcano would be obliterated in the initial blast with a deadly cloud of ash and dust directly or indirectly affecting 20 other US states.  Volcanic ash and fine dust blocking out sunlight for  years to come would result in global cooling - an ice age - and universal famine!

 Scientists believe that if Yellowstone is indeed awakening there should be precursory telltale signs or some clues prior to an eruption such as larger tremors or earthquake swarms and especially if a large bulge within the caldera begins to rise indicating that magma is pushing up nearer and nearer to the surface.

  Yellowstone National Park springs to life!

A survey measuring various elevations of the Park carried out in the 1920’s was compared to a later survey in the 1970’s done by USGS volcanologist professor Robert Smith who has been studying the Park for much of his life. Smith noted changes had occurred in the caldera since the 1920’s and that the middle of the caldera had uplifted by 2 feet 5 inches.  Further measurements indicated that the ground beneath the north of Yellowstone also was bulging up, tilting the Park downwards inundating shorelines trees on the southe end of Yellowstone Lake .

Only one thing could make the Earth heave this way: a vast living magma chamber. The Yellowstone volcano was alive. mark@planetxinbound.com

 Within the past 45 years there have been two powerful quakes recorded around Yellowstone .  The first was a powerful 7.5 magnitude quake that struck West Yellowstone August 18, 1959 and the second a 6.1 magnitude tremor that shook the Caldera Rim near Norris Geyser Basin on June 30, 1975.

 Steamboat geyser located in the Norris Geyser Basin is the largest geyser in the world and historically has an eruption cycle of four days to fifty years.  Since May 2000 Steamboat has become highly active erupting five times in four years.  Highly unusual - but then as park officials will tell you, Steamboat is “unpredictable”.

 In July 2003 temperatures around Norris Geyser Basin suddenly soared to a deadly 200 degrees from the usual maximum of 80 degrees killing trees and flora and taking on the appearance of a “dead zone.” Animals have also been migrating out of the area.

Increased thermal activity formed numerous new steam vents and hot springs around the trail leading to the back of the basin where the heat became so intense it burned through shoes of tourists walking along the trail. The situation had become so precarious that rangers closed down the walking track in the Norris Geyser Basin .

 The Norris Basin also has a bulge some 28 miles long and 7 miles wide which has risen by as much as five inches since 1996 and still rising.

 USGS geologist Lisa Morgan, who has been studying Yellowstone for  the past five years, discovered a dome under Yellowstone Lake in 1999.

Using sonar to scan the bottom of the lake Morgan found in 2003 that the dome was huge -about 2,100 foot long and 100 foot high.

 In a report featured in “earthmountainview.com” last year, http://www.earthmountainview.com/yellowstone/yellowstone.htm

Morgan said the bulge had formed only within the last few years.

“We’re thinking this structure could be a precursor to a hydrothermal explosive event, but we don’t think this is a volcano.”

 Water temperatures in the lake which were normally around 66 degrees had also risen to 85 degrees with dead and dying fish everywhere. Parts of the lake have also been officially closed to the public.

 Perhaps one of the most informative and alarming insights into the escalating activity in Yellowstone is an interview with USGS geologist and paleobotanist Dr. Bruce Cornett published in the Daily Express September 10, 2003 titled “the Monster Awakes.”

 In the interview, Dr. Cornett stated “Steam pressure is apparently building up again in Yellowstone , and hydrothermal fluids and steam are working their way up through fractures and vents. If more steam vents appear, that means a continuous pathway for pressure release has been established to the magma chamber. If that happens, the pressure in the magma chamber will continue to drop until it reaches a critical stage when the superheated water within the magma explodes. Unfortunately, as the steam venting subsides, there will be a false sense of security. People will think it was just another cyclical event, and the danger is over. But that will be the farthest from the truth. It will be the quiet before the storm.”  http://www.earthside.com/yellowstone.html

 Fears that Yellowstone may erupt in the not-too-distant future has dominated the internet as of late.  The public are becoming more aware and more informed of the dangers surrounding Yellowstone and also more watchful of events as new ones come to light.

 An escalation in the magnitudes of earthquake swarms was also observed on January 7 this year, when Jackson , Wyoming (located 70 miles south of Yellowstone ) was shaken by an earthquake swarm the largest of which measured magnitude 5.0. 

 Earthquakes swarms and tremors are an everyday occurrence in this seismically active area of the world, but magnitudes are usually small ranging between 2-3, with a magnitude 4 occurring every other year.

 An earthquake swarm of magnitude 5.0 is considered above normal for the area.

 On March 21 this year the biggest disaster drill ever undertaken was held in Yellowstone County involving hundreds of emergency responders, law enforcement officers and medical workers. The disaster drill began with a ‘simulated gas release’ under the guise of a terrorist attack.  Mitch Battros http://www.earthchangestv.com

 A disaster drill, the largest ever, involving a ‘simulated gas release,’ is really very telling!  In my opinion the disaster drill was a preparation for a possible volcanic eruption in Yellowstone , as volcanic eruptions release deadly volcanic gases and choking ash clouds.

Yellowstone potentially presents a far greater threat to life and the environment than a terrorist attack.

Several days following the disaster drill a friend forwarded an email dated March 23, 2004 to me from Jim McCanney
http://www.jmccanneyscience.com   in which Jim stated he had received unconfirmed reports from reliable sources that the volcanic bubble under Yellowstone ’s basin had raised over 100 feet in the space of 24 hours possibly indicating it is ready to blow.

Furthermore, that an announcement to this effect would be made public via one of the major TV networks later that evening.

 That evening, CBS News correspondent Sandra Hughes issued a report on Yellowstone but said nothing at all about the latest discovery.

Referring instead to the original discovery of a bulge under Yellowstone Lake found by USGS scientist Lisa Morgan.

 Quote:

“Using sonar she’s (Morgan) identified a massive bulging dome the size of seven football fields. The only other underwater dome in Yellowstone was the site of a major explosion.” “The most extreme event, which occurred 13,800 years ago went about as far as five miles away from the source,” said Morgan

 Morgan still does not think the dome is gearing up for an explosion.

And I hope she’s right!

But are we being lulled into a false sense of security when we know for sure that no scientist on Earth has ever witnessed a supervolcanic eruption before and do not have the experience to know how high Yellowstone ’s dome has to rise before finally exploding?

 Chances are that an impending eruption, if indeed we do have one at all, may well turn out to be minor and no cause for alarm at all.

Neverthelesss it is far better to be prepared for something that may not happen than not to be prepared for something that will.

 A chilling warning from The Pentagon

Another chilling warning issued from The Pentagon earlier this year about global warming pushing the climate to a tipping point and abrupt climate change, makes one wonder if it is Yellowstone that authorities really have their eyes set on.

 Excerpts from The Pentagon’s weather nightmare and global cooling set out below, could just as easily describe the scenario of a volcanic winter. In fact, the only thing on Earth that could flip the climatic scales overnight is a catastrophic supervolcanic eruption.

 The Pentagon report warns that global cooling in the Northern Hemisphere would lead to longer, harsher winters, massive droughts and famine. Countries such as USA and Europe would become ‘virtual fortresses’, preventing millions of migrants escaping from countries devastated by rising sea-levels or no longer able to grow crops.  Dramatic climate change would put 400 million people in subtropical regions at grave risk.

 Proliferation of nuclear arms is inevitable as future wars will be fought over the issue of survival rather than religion, ideology or national honor. Access to water becomes a major battle ground as mega-droughts affect the world’s major breadbaskets including America ’s Midwest . http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article5732.htm

 If the Pentagon is issuing dire warnings about climatic change in the not-too-distant future, then what sort of contingency plan does the USA have in mind and what sort of preparations are being made?

 In other words what is the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) doing about it?

 FEMA’s emergency plans

In 2002 the US government granted the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) $300 million instead of its’ normal annual budget of $10 million. According to FEMA, this staggering amount of money was to establish make-shift cities across the USA ready to house millions of Americans in case of terrorist attacks.

 FEMA is also in charge of the REX 84 program where 600 new prisons have been established throughout the USA . These prisons, built by the REX 84 program and managed by FEMA, are fully staffed and surrounded by full-time guards ready and waiting should a mass exodus of illegal aliens cross the Mexican/US border. The largest facility, formerly a massive mental health facility located near Fairbanks , Alaska , can house 2 million people.  

[Editor's note: See: http://www.greatdreams.com/concentration.htm ]

 A mass exodus of illegal Mexicans into the USA , could only occur if there was such a state of chaos within the USA that the national borders were not secure or able to be properly controlled.  Such a calamity could only come about if a natural disaster of catastrophic proportions occurred resulting in anarchy and lawlessness as the starving masses fought to survive.

A catastrophic disaster of monumental proportions such as Yellowstone !

A 2004-2006 Watchlist for Yellowstone

For those of you who are not familiar with my work I am a long-range weather forecaster primarily specializing in the prediction of hurricanes and severe weather. The system I use is based on the principles of Astrometeorology that seeks to forecast weather based on the angular relationships between the Sun, Moon and planets. This system not only works for predicting weather patterns and hurricanes but also works for predicting earthquakes and heightened volcanic activity.

Major quakes and outbreaks of violent weather world wide often go hand in hand occurring simultaneously, or within days of each other. These two types of events are related because the planetary configurations ‘trigger’ both.

The solar system and star field beyond it is just one vast electromagnetic machine and everything around us is interconnected, interrelated and interdependent.

The planets in our solar system affect the Earth both directly and indirectly via the Sun through sunspot activity and ensuing solar flares.

Coronal mass ejections from the Sun disrupt the Earth’s magnetic field causing powerful geomagnetic storms across the planet, disturbing the molten interior of Earth and tectonic plate movement and triggering earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.

 Several years ago I published a book called “Violent Weather Predictions 2000-2001” predicting violent weather events worldwide which also included dates for earthquakes and heightened volcanic activity or possible volcanic eruptions throughout the world.

 One specific prediction in the book relates to Yellowstone National Park stating ‘powerful seismic activity for Yellowstone National Park between March 16-April 22, 2000.’ Nothing happened during that time frame, but ten days later on May 2, 2000 Yellowstone’s Steamboat Geyser erupted for the first time since Oct 2, 1991 sending a plume of water vapor well over 300 feet high.

 It took ten days longer than forecasted for Yellowstone to be activated.

 The combined effects of the Sun, Moon and planets on Earth’s atmospheric conditions or weather patterns is fast- usually within several days. Whereas the same influences which also disturb the Earth’s molten interior placing stresses on tectonic plates and ‘triggering’ quakes and volcanic activity along faults and plate boundaries, is much slower and may take several weeks to react.

 Earthquake and volcanic predictions in the book achieved a high degree of accuracy including volcanic tremors or eruptions for Mount Etna, Stromboli, White Island, Soputan, Merapi, Manam, Anuk Krakatoa, Lokon Empung, Usu, Mount Oyama, Popocateptyl and Soufriere Hills.

 Having had a degree of success in predicting volcanic eruptions in the past, I am convinced it is possible to predict when geothermal activity or quakes are likely to occur in Yellowstone , although I am not so sure whether it is at all possible to predict a supervolcanic eruption. 

 Predicting when a volcano is likely to blow during an eruptive cycle is easier because the volcano is already active, but a sleeping giant-or an awakening supervolcano is a different prospect altogether.

How long does it take before a supervolcano fully awakens? How high does the dome rise before exploding? The truth is nobody knows and Yellowstone ’s supervolcano may not erupt for hundreds of years yet.

 None-the-less and because seismic activity appears to be accelerating in Yellowstone National Park I have decided to draw up two “watchlists” of dates in 2004-2006 in an attempt to ‘monitor’ the area for geothermal events, volcanic tremors and earthquakes. 

 The likelihood of a volcanic eruption in Yellowstone will very much depend on (a) a further uplift of the dome at the bottom of the lake or bulges elsewhere (b) more frequency in larger quakes or larger earthquake swarms, indicating that the magma chamber is pushing closer to the surface.

 The first and most important “Red Alert”watchlist is for time periods when seismic activity is anticipated to be far stronger than normal.

The second list is for minor to moderate seismic activity not considered to be as powerful as the Red Alert list.

 Overview for Yellowstone 2004-2006

From 2004 to 2006 there are several dates when Yellowstone will need close monitoring. This is because of powerful planetary configurations that will be directly affecting this region of the world during these times.

 Heading the watchlist of “critical” time periods when powerful geothermal activity, larger quakes, or further uplift in the dome under Yellowstone lake is more likely, will be:-

(a)   December 2005 through January 2006

(b)   March 3-10, 2005

(c)   August 2004 through September 2004

A severe, bitter winter is also likely to target the Northern Hemisphere including the USA- especially the Northeast and Midwest from December 2005-January 2006. During this time period dates predicted for seismic activity for Yellowstone could also experience severe weather for that region as well.

 Some of the following dates could also trigger quakes on the West Coast from Washington to California .

   

Yellowstone and surrounding States

 Seismic Watchlists  2004-2006

 

RED ALERT LIST

2004

August 2-12, 16-31

September 10-October 6

2005

March 3-13, 16-20
August 23-28

November 29-December 4

*December 10-31

2006

January 1-10, 13-26

August 9-13

 *Seismic activity is likely to increase significantly throughout December 2005 and January 2006. Watch the first few weeks in December for seismic activity around the borders of Yellowstone/Idaho and Montana .

Seismic activity should begin to intensify from December 11-20,

especially from December 25-31 and well into January when a major event i.e. a powerful quake or eruption of Steamboat Geyser, could take place at Yellowstone . 

 

MINOR TO MODERATE LIST.

 Some of the following dates may also be weather-related.

2004

April 19-27

May 21-28

July 5-15

November 3-11

2005

January 21-28

April 1-8

May 15-23

August 2-6, 11-18

October 17-25

November 1-4, 14-25

2006

April 4-10

May 4-7, 11-14

July 6-10

September 4-9

October 17-25

November 5-14

 

Author’s note:

Major seismic activity may take longer to be activated than anticipated, and could occur several weeks following a predicted time period.

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[Editors note:

SEE THE ACTUAL EVENTS HERE:  http://www.earthmountainview.com/yellowstone/yellowstone.htm  ]